Santiago Suchilquitongo, Oaxaca

The first signs of original Zapotec occupation in the top of the central valley began about 500 BC with small settlements forming around 750 AD. There were about 1,200 people living in this area based around the historic archeological centre of ‘Cerro de la Campana’ until its decline in the ninth century.

The reason for the decline of Cerro de la Campana is still unknown; the surrounding settlements went through a period of decline, as did other Mixtec and Aztec cultures, and were encompassed into the terriority known as Oaxaca. During this time, the small valley received its name of Xochiquilitonco - ‘In the flowery quelitillos’.

After conquest and colonisation, the region was officially founded early in the seventeenth century, having   gone through many periods of growth and decline from various epidemics and plagues.

Today, Santiago Suchilquitongo is a community of about 12,000, located within an hour of Cuidad de Oaxaca (Oaxaca City). It is a semi-urban environment with clusters of homes and shops on the ridges surrounding the shared central agricultural land or ejido. 

This fragmented community lacks solidarity that isn’t just geographical but also cultural.  Less than 1% of the population speak any indigenous languages. The community has a lot of natural resources and access to education. In close proximity to Cuidad de Oaxaca, Santiago Suchilquitongo has many development opportunities.

Initial projects in development

  •     Mequite flour production.
  •     Amaranth hamburger production.
  •     Flower production for local sale and for the market in Cuidad de Oaxaca

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Project Partners

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